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  • Writer's pictureGarden Ezee

Pad stones: Why are they used?

Padstones, also known as foundation stones or bed stones, are large, flat stones used as a base for supporting structures such as walls, columns, or statues. They are typically made of durable materials such as granite, limestone, or concrete.


When calculating the size and strength of a padstone, it is important to consider the weight of the structure that will be supported, the soil conditions at the site, and the expected loads on the padstone.


The size of the padstone can be determined by calculating the area required to distribute the weight of the structure evenly across the ground. This can be done by using the formula: Area = Load / Allowable soil bearing capacity. The allowable soil bearing capacity is the maximum weight per unit area that the soil can support without failure.



The strength of the padstone can be determined by calculating the maximum expected load on the padstone. This can be done by using the formula: Load = Dead load + Live load + Wind load + Snow load + Earthquake load. The dead load is the weight of the structure, the live load is the weight of the people and furniture, the wind load is the force of the wind, the snow load is the weight of the snow, and the earthquake load is the force of an earthquake.


It is also important to consider the depth of the padstone below the ground. The padstone should be buried deep enough to avoid frost heave, and prevent the padstone from shifting or settling.


It is recommended to consult with a structural engineer to ensure that the padstone is designed and installed correctly to support the intended load and to comply with the local building codes.


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